Autism is a development disorder which hinders a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. This ailment is characterized by several challenges faced by a person. Repetitive behavior, lack of social skills, difficulty in making a conversation and not maintaining eye contact are few of the symptoms of autism. It is usually diagnosed in children between the ages of 2 and 3. This disorder impacts a person’s nervous system and has an overall negative influence in their cognitive, physical, emotional as well as social health. Early recognition of the conditions, proper therapy and support from family and friends would help an autistic patient to progress better.
Advanced Neuroimaging helps predict autism according to Curtis Cripe
Neuroimaging, also known as brain imaging is the process of using different techniques, directly or indirectly to form an image to get the structure of the brain and understand it’s functioning. It is highly useful for brain surgeries or injuries as it gives a detailed view of the brain. Coming under the disciplines of neuroscience, psychology and medicine, neuroimaging is a relatively new science. Neuroimaging can be categorized into two broad categories:
- Structural imaging: This category deals with proving images relating to the anatomical structure of the brain. This is usually used in diagnosing intracranial diseases like tumor and brain injury.
- Functional imaging: This category deals with diagnosing metabolic diseases on a much finer scale. They are useful for cognitive and neurological psychology. It provides images of the parts of the brained involved of a patient as they complete a certain task.
As a neuro-engineer who focuses on behavioral medicine, Curtis Cripe stresses on the benefits of using neuroimaging technique in order to predict autism. In the case of autistic patient, the earlier their condition is diagnosed, the easier it becomes to help them develop and ensure that they face the least difficulties in carrying out day to day activities. With the help of neuroimaging, autism can be diagnosed even in babies. The method of functional neuroimaging scans about 230 regions of the brain which are associated with social behavior and language. Functional neuroimaging assists in revealing the connection between certain areas of the brain and the probability of autism. Infants who have siblings diagnosed with autism are usually at a high risk, and thus with this method their diagnosis becomes faster and easier. Early involvement of professionals helps in mitigating various behavioral symptoms of autism.
Talking from a neurodevelopmental perspective, autism relates to hyper sensory and defects in auditory processing. An institute founded by Curtis Cripe , Crossroads specializes in conducting a complete NeuroGeniSys, including a brain map, assessment of cognitive and neurodevelopmental functions, the auditory and visual processing, as well as a speech evaluation. This technique helps to indicate the regions of the brain affected by autism. Believing in having an integrated approach towards autism, Crossroads also addresses social and behavioral issues among its patients. In time and with continuous treatments, the autism inflicted children treated in this institute begins to slowly gain neuro-developmental maturity. They start to show more emotional expressions and begin to communicate in a more appropriate manner.